Scientific Classification in Biology Essay

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Scientific Classification in Biology

Classification in biology, is the identification, naming, and grouping of organisms into a formal system. The vast numbers of living forms are named and arranged in an orderly manner so that biologists all over the world can be sure they know the exact organism that is being examined and discussed.
Groups of organisms must be defined by the selection of important characteristics, or shared traits, that make the members of each group similar to one another and unlike members of other groups. Modern classification schemes also attempt to place groups into categories that will reflect an understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying the similarities and differences among organisms.
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Linnaeus named it Nepeta cataria--cataria meaning, "pertaining to cats". The binomial nomenclature is not only more precise and standardized; it also relates plants together, thus adding much interest and information in the name. For instance,
Solanum relates the potato, the tomato and the Nightshade.

Binomial Classification

Early on in naming species taxonomists realized that there would have to be a universal system of nomenclature. A system that was not affected by language barriers, and would also classify the millions of species throughout the world. Binomial classification in its simplest form is a way of naming a species by means of two names both in Latin. Latin was originally used because it was the language of the founders of the classification system, like Carolus Linnaeus, but it continues to be used presently because it is a "dead language". This means that it is no longer changing or evolving, so it stays the same and can be used universally, without confusion. Carolus Linnaeus (see Appendix A, Image 1) first introduced binomial classification, which is why he is known as the father of the modern day classification system. In Binomial classification the first name, which begins with a capital letter is known as the Genus it is always capitalized. The genus is a group of species more closely related to one another than any other group of species. The genus is more

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