Sigmund Freud Versus Albert Ellis Essay
Albert Ellis’ Rational Emotive Therapy
Dr. Pam Cingel
PSY 420 Theories of Personality
16 April 2014 Sigmund Freud and Albert Ellis are widely recognized as two of the most influential psychotherapists of the twentieth century. “It is argued that the striking differences in their therapeutic systems, Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) and psychoanalysis, respectively, are rooted in more fundamental theoretical differences concerning the essential nature of client personality” (Ziegler 75). This paper will discuss in detail, both Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical Therapy and Albert Ellis’ Rational Emotive Therapy, as well as compare and contrast both theories. …show more content…
Oral Stage (Birth to 1 year)- The stage in infancy where infants rely completely on their caretakers and where the trust versus mistrust occurs. “If fixation occurs at this stage, Freud believed the individual would have issues with dependency or aggression, oral fixation can result in problems with drinking, eating, smoking, or nail biting” (Cherry, Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development).
Anal Stage (Age 2-3)- This is the toilet training period. During this stage the child begins to learn bladder control. According to Freud, how parents approach this period in a child’s life will affect the child’s temperament. “Parents who utilize praise and rewards for using the toilet at the appropriate time encourage positive outcomes and help children feel capable and productive” (Cherry, Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development). But if toilette training doesn’t go well, this can result in negative outcomes resulting in either an anal expulsive personality or an anal retentive personality. An anal expulsive personality is when the individual develops a messy, wasteful or destructive personality. An anal-retentive personality results in an obsessive, stingy, and controlling individual.
Phallic Stage (Age 4-5)- In this stage the individual can distinguish wether they are a female or male. The Oedipus complex occurs during this stage in which according to Freud, “describes a boy's feelings of desire