Spread of European Imperialism in Africa Essay

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The 18th and 19th centuries were known as the height of Imperialism. European countries became more and more engaged in the “Scramble for Africa”. Nations including Britain, Spain, France, Portugal, Belgium, and Germany raced to conquer lands in Africa. Imperialism in Africa had many negative and positive effects on the conquered country. It brought modernized technology and certain reforms, while it also introduced racist laws, enforced harsh labors, and ruined the economies of many colonies. Although European imperialism in Africa brought modernized technology, Imperialism was not beneficial for Africa due to the social, economic, and political costs that the Europeans brought. The age of Imperialism did benefit some of the …show more content…
It could be argued that all of these improvements in Africa would not have been possible without European presence, however, the negative effects of imperialism in Africa are something not to be looked over. Despite these improvements, the Europeans brought disorder, killed millions of innocent people, took over African governments, and had an overall devastating effect on the welfare of African society. When the Europeans invaded Africa, natives that originally held any authority in their government were replaced by European representatives of a monarchy back in their country. This meant that the natives had no control over their own government, and it was ruled directly by European countries. Because of this, the natives were not given adequate representation in the civil services and generally excluded from higher positions (Vandervort 2). That does in fact state that natives were not allowed high positions and were removed from their previous positions within their own governments. Even though slavery and slave trade were abolished during Imperialism, the native people were still forced to under go harsh labor and gather resources that were valuable only for the mother country. Also, the Europeans greatly weakened most of the local industries and enacted various industrial and taxation laws which were extremely tough on the natives. This meant that the natives no longer gained any

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