Essay on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

858 Words 4 Pages
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

II. What is SIDS? 4
III. SIDS Procedures 4-5 * SIDS Annual Rate
IV. Risk Factors .......................................... 6
V. Current Research ................................ 6-7
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 8 More children die of SIDS in a year than all children who die of cancer, heart disease, pneumonia, child abuse, AIDS, cystic fibrosis, and muscular dystrophy combined. During the eighties, SIDS accounted for approximately 7,000 deaths, but that number dropped below 3,000 by the late nineties. Unfortunately, this decrease can only be attributed to better overall health techniques and medical practices. As of yet, the main cause of death for infants
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There are three basic steps in the investigation of a SIDS death: the autopsy, the death scene investigation, and the review of victim and family case history. The autopsy is very important to exclude any other cause of death. Without an examination of all tissue and vital organs, a definitive diagnosis cannot be made. Also, if the cause of SIDS is ever to be discovered this will most likely be the way it will happen. Although an investigation into the death scene may seem insensitive considering the family's emotional state, it is the best way to reveal a possibly preventable cause of death. Knowing that the cause of death was not preventable may bring solace to the family. Next, a comprehensive medical history of the infant and its family is important in determining the actual cause of death. This in-depth study usually helps support the findings of the autopsy. If nothing leads to a definable cause of death, it is labeled SIDS and added to the many thousands of others.

The risk factors for SIDS are basically anything that may cause poor health in an infant; however, the mothers health and behavior during pregnancy is especially critical. Although there may be many other contributing factors, infants with a below average birth weight are more susceptible to this phenomenon. Infants of woman who smoke are 50 percent more likely to die of SIDS, yet infants with mothers under the age 20 make up a good

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