Americanization of Foods: Food is traditionally considered as a simple means of subsistence but has developed to become filled with cultural, psychological, religious, and emotional significance. Consequently, food is currently used as a means of defining shared identities and symbolizes religious and group customs. In the early 17th and 18th centuries, this mere means of subsistence was considered as a class maker but developed to become a symbol of national identity in the 19th centuries. In the United States, food has been influenced by various cultures such as Native American, Latin America, and Asian cultures. Consequently, Americans have constantly Americanized the foods of different cultures to become American foods. The
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This change involved the westward movement of foods that previously unknown in Europe and Africa and unknown in Americas such as potatoes, tomatoes, cassava, beans, cattle, sheep, and pigs. Moreover, foods grown in the New World such as coffee, sugar, and chocolate became the foundation for the first real multi-national consumer-centered industries across the globe because of the movement of foods across borders. In the United States, the history of food was a story of relatively unique regional customs that originated largely from England until the late 19th Century. Earliest migrants in America had a tendency of holding strongly to conventional food traditions. For more than two centuries, English food cultures and customs dominated American cuisine. However, experimentation and innovation was eventually encouraged with the presence of new ingredients and interactions between various ethnic groups. Since American cuisine was dominated by English food customs, there were four major food traditions in America, each with English roots before the Civil War. These four major food traditions were a New England tradition, a Southern tradition, Quakerism, and backcountry diet (Mintz par, 4).
A New England tradition associated plain food preparation with religious faithfulness and hostility towards highly-seasoned and fancy foods that were considered as a means of sensual luxury. This tradition was characterized by rigorous diet