The Battle of Agincourt Essay

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By the year 1415 and the Battle of Agincourt, the English and French had been at war or in some manner of conflict for many years. Over the course of history these two peoples would war one another more than potentially any other people. The Battle of Agincourt however was unique amongst the long list of Franco-English conflicts; for it was in that year that King Henry V of England would not only set in motion the collapse of the French monarchy and his own accession to their thrown, but would also become memorialized throughout history for his decisive victory that day. The Hundred Years War (1337-1453) for which the Battle of Agincourt is included, was a conflict fought primarily over claims to the French throne. After the ascension …show more content…
The strategy that had held true for some time involved a relatively large number of English Long bowmen to compliment a force of potent and furious men-at-arms. This deployment had been successful at previous Franco-English battles like Crecy (1346) and Poitiers (1356) and the technology had changed little.6 The English were vastly outnumbered. Henry V led an army of 5700 archers and knights, many of whom were sick with dysentery. The French on the other hand had managed to amass an army of almost 25,000.7 Led by the Constable Charles d’ Albret, the French army consisted of numerous men-at-arms as well as lance-armed knights. The French did not believe in the yeoman class of society bearing weapons and as a result, they had little to no peasantry to recruit from. As a result, much of the nobility and upper echelons of the French Burgundian and Armagnac factions were at the battle.8 The French strategy at the Battle of Agincourt was to essentially refuse to engage the smaller English force and make them the attacker. Whilst the French deployed in 3 main lines, with the mounted at the rear and unmounted men in the front, the English deployed their men-at-arms forward and center with their large contingent of bowmen to either flank.9 Each stood and waited for the other to attack. After a four hour standoff, the English decided to act. Having obviously learned from the mistakes of the past, the French simply refused to charge the stalwart English

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