The Bombing of Pearl Harbour and American-Australian Relations

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The Bombing of Pearl Harbour on December 7th 1941 sparked the involvement of the United States in the Second World War. Up until this point, the Axis powers in both Europe and the Asia-Pacific had the advantage in the war, gaining territory and pushing the Allies back. America had so far claimed formal neutrality from the fighting till she herself was attacked in Hawaii. The Bombing of Pearl Harbour also strengthened America’s ties to Australia as it seen as a friend among a foe riddled Pacific. The inclusion of the United States into the Allied powers, as a result of Pearl Harbour, proved a significant turning point in World War Two.
America’s influence revolutionised World War Two in Europe
With the collaboration of the
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[Online] Available at: http://www.eur.army.mil/organization/history.htm [Accessed 4 May 2014].

The start of the Pacific War and its effect on World War Two
Technically the War on Japan started on December 7th 1942; the day the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbour. Yet Japan had been invading South-East Asia since the invasion of Manchuria in 1931. They expanded slowly over China, and then in 1940 invaded French Indochina. “The US did not approve of this Japanese aggression and they declared an embargo on Japan. This meant they would stop supplying Japan with raw materials.” In order to obtain much needed supplies, the Japanese planned to ‘disable’ the American fleet stationed at Hawaii, allowing them enough time to seize the Dutch East Indies, which held valuable oil resources. Once the United States had declared war on Japan, and subsequently joined the Allied Forces, it began sending troops to the Philippines. “Over the course of the war, the American Army deployed three field armies and 21 divisions to the Pacific Theatre.” British, Australian and Dutch forces were heavily committed on the Eastern and Western fronts, so this affected the amount of troops able to defend the Pacific.
On May 8th 1945, the war in Europe ended with the surrender of Nazi-Germany. The United States called for the Japanese forces to also surrender on July 26th with the Potsdam

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