Essay on The Change of Labor Movement during Industrialization
Knights of Labor (KOL)
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).
Well-known events took place amidst intense labor negotiations which included …show more content…
Homestead Strike Referred to as the Homestead Incident, this event occurred in 1892 and leaned more toward being an employer lockout than a strike. Negotiations were taking place between the AFL and the Carnegie Steel Works when a 15 foot high fence was erected around the building. Management then hired Pinkerton Security to security the facility and to work as strike bearers. Steel workers formed a barrier around the railway, roads and rivers so that the Pinkertons could not pass through. This resulted in a five month gun battle between the steel workers and the Pinkertons. The Homestead Incident led to a decrease in union membership. Additionally, it resulted in increased profits for Carnegie Steel Works. Pullman Strike. One of the largest railroad companies in the late 1890s was owned by the Pullman Company. The Pullman Company was a unique employer as it built and owned the housing occupied by its employees. This concept was referred to as paternalism. This practice was also used in Great Britain. According to Woods (2010),
Employers, most famously Cadbury, realised their mill and factory workers would need housing and benefits to support themselves and their families, so it was commonplace to see rows of employee accommodation in the shadow of the large British factories (para. 1).