Essay on The Maya Civilization

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Since the Neolithic revolution, humans began to adopt a new process towards new practices, such as intensive agriculture, religion, rituals, etc. With technological advances, as well as ideological ones, early societies started to acquire a socio-political framework similar to the one in place in our current society. One of the societies that was well perceivable due to its large influence in Meso America, and their large territory was the Mayan society. In fact, during their most prosper centuries (250- 900 C.E.), the Mayas were able to expand their cultural, ideological and religious systems across Mexico and nearby countries. However, one question is often raised in the field of anthropology: Why do archaeologists consider the Mayan …show more content…
12). A large territory is a sign of economic, cultural and ideological power, which the Maya used to their advantage. Also, the Mayan territory contained highlands, which provided fertile soil, volcanic sites, mountainous sites and jungles (Thompson, 1966, p.20). Within this large territory, the Mayan estimate population of three million or more was spread out in several large cities and city-states that were present during their peak period. Once again, the Mayas possessed a representative trait of a state, and met the requirements to be considered a city (minimum 10 000 people). Also, large cities proved that the Mayas had permanent leadership in order to maintain peace, justice and social norms, which compared to the large villages in chiefdoms were those requirements were not encountered. Some of the large cities were Tikal in northern Guatemala, which was the household for elites and kings covering a territory of 570 square kilometers that included many monuments and structures, as well as a population above the requirements, averaging 45 000 to 100 000 people (Aveni, 2001, p. 34). Another powerful city located in the Mayan empire was Caracol, which was situated in Belize covering a 200 square kilometers territory that also included many monuments, much more than in Tikal, and they had a population averaging 100 000 people as well (Webster, 2000, p. 75). However, cities were not used for the same purposes as today. In fact, they did not act as urban

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