Established in Article III of the United States constitution, The U.S. Supreme Court is the only federal branch that is comprised of non-elected members. Justices are appointed by the President with the advice and consent of Congress. The court adjudicates cases that arise through U.S. Constitutional issues (as opposed to state issues), U.S. laws and treaties, interstate cases and cases where a state itself or the U.S. is a party in the case. The Supreme Court has both original and appellate jurisdiction. That is, the court hears cases that originated in the Court itself (e.g. cases involving a state), and cases that have passed through other, lower federal courts with one party finding reasons to appeal. The court interprets the
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Jackson. After finishing his clerkship, Rehnquist moved to Arizona where he practiced law as a partner in a law firm. During the presidential election of 1964, Rehnquist became active in the Republican Party and was the lawyer for Republican Presidential Candidate Barry Goldwater. Throughout his law career, Rehnquist always maintained conservative ideologies. When Nixon was later elected P resident, Rehnquist was appointed deputy attorney general in the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel. William Rehnquist is a highly accomplished individual to say the least. His many achievements worthy of distinction earned him the nomination for Supreme Court Judge by former President Richard Nixon. In 1971, after the retirement of Justice John Marshall Harlan, The Nixon administration nominated Rehnquist as Harlan's replacement.
In his previous efforts to nominate two Supreme Court Justices, Richard Nixon sought to elect southern conservatives. After two failed nominations, which he accredited to an anti-south Democratic Senate, Nixon nominated the most qualified conservative he could find. During the early 1970's, Justices Hugo Black and John Marshall Harlan retired from service on the Supreme Court. With this and the resignation of Justice Abe Fortas, President Nixon, a southern conservative, sought to fill the vacant seats. Two years after his nomination of Harry Blackmun, Nixon sought to take advantage of a second