Many people view childbirth as a joyful and fulfilling event. Writer Paul Carvel stated, “To witness the birth of a child is our best opportunity to experience the meaning of the word miracle” (as cited in Brill, 2011, Well Pregnancy Links section, para. 3). Irish dramatist, George Bernard Shaw further explained, “Life is a flame that is always burning itself out, but it catches fire again every time a child is born” (as cited in Moncur, 2010, p. 1). Yet, along with the joy of bringing another human being into this world come concerns about the appropriate medical decisions that need to be made by the mother. It is not uncommon for women to have questions and concerns about what it is they can and cannot do throughout their pregnancy.
…show more content…
According to Berman and Snyder (2008), “The fetus obtains nourishment from the placental circulation and by swallowing amniotic fluid.” (p. 373). During pregnancy, the metabolic demands of the mother increases and maintaining those demands are very vital to the growth of the fetus. The nurse explains to the mother that during pregnancy it is essential to maintain a balanced diet of micronutrients such as selenium, copper, zinc, and manganese. Selenium aids in the production of active thyroid hormones. It also prevents oxidative damage to cells. Copper is very important for embryonic development. Copper is needed for the formation of red blood cells and connective tissue. It functions in the production of norepinephrine and dopamine. Research by Mistry and Williams (2011) found, “Copper is an essential cofactor for a number of enzymes involved in metabolic reactions, angiogenesis, oxygen transport, and antioxidant protection…” (p. 5). A severe copper deficiency can result in reproductive failure, cardiovascular disease, and premature death. The micronutrient, zinc helps aid the mother during labor and is a main component in the brain development of the fetus.
In addition, calcium, iron, folic acid, and vitamin C are very important to the growth of the fetus. The prenatal nurse is responsible for informing the expecting mothers that their calcium intake