The Use of Oils in Sacraments Essay
'Go, then, to all peoples everywhere and make them my disciples: baptize them in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit…'; Many of the sacraments that are celebrated today involve the use of oil. Baptism and confirmation are the two principle sacraments involving oils. In the Church liturgies, the actual significance of oil is often not known (or at least not fully) to the members of the parish faith community. This paper will examine the meaning of oil, the sacraments in which it is used, and prayers associated with it.
There are three oils that are used in various sacraments: Chrism, Oil of Infirm, and the Oil of the Sick. The three oils are all equally important; however, an emphasis …show more content…
'The God of power and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ has freed you from sin and brought you to new life through water and the Holy Spirit. He now anoints you with the chrism of salvation, so that, united with his people, you may remain for ever a member of Christ who is Priest, Prophet, and King.';
Proceeding this prayer, the white garment and lighted candle are presented. The conclusion of the rite is the next and final step in the celebration of the sacrament. Oil is not only used in baptism; it is also used in confirmation. 'The body is anointed, that the soul may be consecrated, the body is signed, that the soul too may be fortified…'; In earlier times when an individual was anointed with oil, it symbolized fortification. It was commonly used to prepare warriors for battle, amongst other things. The chrism prepares Christians for the battle against evil that they will face in their everyday lives. Pope Innocent III wrote: 'The anointing of the forehead with chrism signifies the laying on of the hand, the other name for which is confirmation, since through it the Holy Spirit is given for growth and strength.'; Oil has always held a rich place in the history of the Catholic Church. Early in Church history, oil was available only to royalty, and was by no means easy