To His coy mistress by Andrew Marvell Essay

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In "To His Coy Mistress," Andrew Marvell presents a speaker who appeals to his love through persuasion. The speaker uses an appeal to reason as his main tool, but he also appeals to his mistress through emotion and character to garner a response. Each stanza utilizes a different method of appeal that relies on diction and punctuation. In the first stanza, the speaker appeals to character, in the second emotion, and in the third reason. By using different methods of appeal, the speaker hopes to win his mistress' love.
From the title, one can see that the speaker is a man addressing a female. However, to understand the dramatic situation, one cannot examine the title alone but must scrutinize the entire poem. In the first stanza,
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In the first stanza, the speaker adopts a tone of praise and affection. He compliments his mistress' beauty and soul by saying that she deserves thousands of years of praise for her body and heart (13-20). He professes his adoration by telling her that his love spans from the beginning of time, "before the Flood" (8), to the end of time, "Till the conversion of the Jews" (10).
Analyzing the speaker's tone allows one to discover the speaker's persona. In this stanza, the speaker adopts an admiring and adoring persona. By praising his mistress' beauty and heart, the speaker places her upon a pedestal and appeals to her character with flattery.
In the second stanza, the speaker adopts a darker and more realistic tone while still admiring his love. He uses diction that conjures images of death, like "Time's winged chariot,” marble vault," "worms," "dust," "ashes," and "grave's." These words serve to frighten the mistress and to emphasize the point that one will inevitably die. He tries to make the point that only through death, which gets closer every second (21-22), will his love disappear (29) and that only the worms will enjoy his mistress' (27) "company" when she dies. The unknown male wants his mistress to realize that once they die, neither of them can experience love. This darker tone causes the speaker's persona to shift to a pessimistic and

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