Type II Diabetes Essay

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Type II diabetes is a pancreatic disorder, known as non-insulin dependant diabetes (NIDD). It is found by taking a blood glucose test and an excess amount of glucose is detected within the blood, this condition is known as hyperglycemia. NIDD is the most common form of diabetes affecting nearly 90% of all diabetic patients17, 28, 30, 33. About 10-20 million people are affected by it in the US alone however many of them are unaware of it.33 The prevalence of diabetes has increase dramatically over the past 20 years due to changes in activity levels, lifestyles and diet. This form of diabetes usually has a maturity - onset meaning that most people develop this later in life usually around the age of 40 or older. NIDD has a
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These hormones regulate your body's use of glucose. Your body uses the simple form of sugar called glucose as its main source of fuel with the help of a hormone called insulin. Insulin works with the cells to help their uptake of glucose. Insulin acts like a tunnel that helps glucose to enter the cell, once glucose enters the cell it can be used for energy. It also stimulates protein synthesis and free fatty acid storage in the fat deposits. Having an insulin deficiency compromised the body's tissues to access the essential nutrients it needs for fuel and storage. When your pancreas is functioning properly the blood - glucose concentration changes accordingly to changes within your activities or emotional behaviors such as: meals, exercise, stressful situations and infection. However, people with type II diabetes cannot maintain a normal blood-glucose homeostasis. People with this condition can not maintain a good level because it cannot use its own insulin properly known as insulin resistance, or the body does not make enough insulin known as insulin deficient28, 30, 31, 33,13, 17. Insulin resistance develops from obesity and physical inactivity, acting on a substrate of genetic susceptibility33, 34, 30. When someone has NIDD there is an

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