Wallace D. Fard Essay

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Wallace D. Fard

Wallace D. Fard, a door-to-door silk salesman, established the Nation of Islam (NOI) in Detroit, at the beginning of the Great Depression. He spread his message of salvation and self-determination throughout Detroit's black neighborhoods. He held the first meetings in people's homes, but the movement soon grew too big and Fard rented halls for his gatherings. Far from adhering to strict Islamic law, the Nation under Fard was an eclectic mix of philosophy, borrowing from earlier Black Muslim movements, Christian scripture and Fard's Afro centric interpretation of the story of Origin. The organization attracted many followers because of its deliberate rejection of white society. Born in 1897 in Sandersville, Georgia,
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His mission was to teach the oppressed and defenseless Black people a thorough knowledge of God and of themselves. He wanted to put them on the road to Self-Independence with a superior culture and higher civilization than they had previously experienced. It was at this point that Malcolm X, probably the most recognizable member of NOI started to make his emergence, recognized as a brilliant orator. Malcolm X quickly rose through the ranks of the Nation. He had arrived a most opportune time. The early rumblings of the Civil Rights Movement were beginning as a result of the government's failure to satisfy African American demands for equality. The Nation would soon be competing with other black movements for members. Malcolm's charisma and the introduction of television brought the movement greater visibility than ever before. Malcolm soon became the leading minister, and was very popular with the youth of the movement. His early duties were to travel throughout the Northeast as a Muslim organizer. It was at this time that he met a young man named Louis Walcott, who later became Louis Farrakhan. The young entertainer was in awe of Malcolm and soon joined the Nation. The Nation now had enough pieces to make a move into American lives and place their strong hold on the world. However as the Nation was on the rise they were

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