War on Terror and National Security Essay

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Terrorism can be defined as a ‘sub-specie of revolutionary violence’ (Lodge, 1981, pg. 1). The term terrorism was introduced in 1789 during the French Revolution. Initially, the word was used to describe the violence inflicted by the French government when attempting to impose their ‘radical new order on a reluctant citizenry’ (Roberts, 2002). Today terrorism carries a deeper meaning with a profound connection to politics. ‘Civil liberties are basic rights and freedoms granted to citizens of a country through national common or statute law’ (Dunt). Some of these freedoms include the right to privacy, the right to a fair trial, and freedom of speech. The war on terror does not justify governments restricting civil liberties in the name of …show more content…
Also, ‘most detainees are held without the right of legal counsel’ (Christensen, 2014). These suspects that were sent to Guantanamo bay had their rights to a fair trial taken away from them and in some cases even their freedom from torture.

Another fundamental right that has been invaded by governments is the right to privacy. “Under section 44 of the Terrorism Act 2000 any police officer could stop and search anyone or any vehicle that is in a specific area’ (Liberty 80). When government agencies are given the right to stop, search, and detain anyone based on their individual suspicions and judgment, this opens the door to discriminatory acts that deny an individual’s right to privacy. In September 2003, Kevin Gillan and Pennie Quinton were stopped and searched by the police in the Docklands area of East London. They were prevented from attending a demonstration and it was later revealed that ‘the whole of Greater London had been secretly designated for stop and search without suspicion on a rolling basis since 2001’ (Liberty 80). Gillan and Pennie had their rights of privacy invaded and were stopped and searched against their will.

Freedom of speech is a main fundamental civil liberty. Freedom of speech gives individuals the right to express their own opinions without any interference from governments (Equal Human Rights Commission). ‘In recent years, heightened fears about

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