Why did the 1919 Paris peace settlement not provide a durable peace in Europe

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Why did the 1919 Paris settlement not provide a durable peace in Europe?

The First World War, was without a doubt one of the most tragic events in the history of people. It was fought on a scale, and at a cost in human suffering, unparalleled in the history of man kind. Countries from every continent, including most of those in Europe, had taken part. Whole populations had been marshalled to serve their countries war efforts1. All these came to an end when on 11 November 1918, Germany finally agreed to sign an armistice. What is very important to know, is that this armistice was actually based on United States’ President Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points”.
However, the Treaty of Versailles, sharply differed from Wilson’s points, and
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The Versailles Peace Conference exposed the ideological rift growing between the Allies. Throughout Versailles and after, Britain and France could not agree on how to treat Germany. While public opinions of both nations wanted Germany pay to the fullest extent, only France saw Germany as a potential threat to the future security of European stability. Thus, while Britain saw Germany as a barrier-fortress against the Russians and an economically strong nation with which to engage in international trade, the French viewed Germany as a threat to French security. France feared that not levying harsh enough penalties upon Germany would only make her stronger and she would eventually rise up against France in revenge. In short, while the British felt that the Treaty of Versailles was too harsh on Germany, France felt as though it were not harsh enough.
One aspect to deal with was German disarmament. Kitchen explains that there was general agreement that Germany should be disarmed but considerable differences about how this should best be achieved5. Eventually, the Allies came to an agreement regarding the new state of the German military. Among others, the German navy was to be limited to 15,000 officers and men, six battleships, twelve destroyers and torpedo boats, while the army was to be restricted to 100,000 men. The only problem was that the Germans never abided by this part of the treaty. One of the most

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